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منتدى » الطب البشرى » الفرقة التالتة » اختصارات باثولوجي
اختصارات باثولوجي
gemyالتاريخ: Wednesday, 2010-08-25, 6:23 AM | رسالة # 1
القائد العام
مجموعة: المدراء
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Pathology.. علم دراســة الأمراض

MI: post-MI complications
ACT RAPID
Arrhythmias
Congestive cardiac failure
Tamponade/ Thromboembolic disorders
Rupture > septum, papillary muscle
Aneurysm
Pericarditis
Infaction > second one
Death/ Dressler's syndrome

Deep venous thrombosis: diagnosis
DVT
Dilated superficial veins/ Discoloration/ Doppler ultrasound
Venography is gold standard
Tenderness of Thigh and calf

MI: complications
HAS CRAPPED
Heart failure/ Hypertension
Arrhythmia
Shock
Cardiac Rupture
Aneurysm
Pericarditis
Pulmonary Emboli
DVT

Heart failure causes
"HEART MAy DIE"
Hypertension
Embolism
Anemia
Rheumatic heart disease
Thyrotoxicosis > in pregnancy
Myocardial infarct
Arrythmia
Y
Diet & lifestyle
Infection
Endocarditis

Cardiovascular risk factors
Framingham
FRAMINGHAM
Family history
Running
Adiposity
Marlboros
Insulin resistance
Non-regulated lipids
Georgie Pie
Hypertension
Age
Male

Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia (MEN) subtype classification
Each subtype has 2 or 3 causes, plus something 1 or 2 more items
MEN I is disease of 3 P's: [Pituitary, Parathyroid, Pancreas] plus one more: adrenal cortex
MEN II is disease of 2 C's: [Carcinoma of thyroid, Catacholamines (pheochromocytoma)] plus two more: parathyroid for MEN IIa or mucocutaneous neuromas for MEN IIB
also called MEN III

Takayasu's disease is Pulseless disease
Can't Tak'a ya pulse
Can't take your pulse
Takayasu's disease known as Pulseless disease, since pulse is weakened in the upper extremities

Hypercalcemia: symptoms of elevated serum levels
"Bones, Stones, Groans, Moans"
Bones: pain in bones
Stones: renal
Groans: pain
Psychic moans/ Psychological overtones: confused state

Acute ischemia: signs
6 P's
Pain
Pallor
Pulselessness
Paralysis
Paraesthesia
Perishingly cold

Hodgkin's lymphoma classification
A: Asymptomatic
B: Bad

Lichen planus characteristics
Planus has 4 P's
Peripheral
Polygonal
Pruritus
Purple

Hypertension: secondary hypertension causes
CHAPS
Cushing's syndrome
Hyperaldosteronism
Aorta coarctation
Phaeochromocytoma
Stenosis of renal arteries
• Note: only 5% of hypertension cases are secondary, rest are primary

Hepatomegaly: 3 common causes, 3 rarer causes
Common are 3 C's
Cirrhosis
Carcinoma
Cardiac failure
Rarer are 3 C's
Cholestasis
Cysts
Cellular infiltration

MI: sequence of elevated enzymes after MI
C-AST-Le
castle
CK-MB first
AST second
LDH third
• Also: can use the last 'E' for ESR

Pulmonary embolism: risk factors
TOM SCHREPFER
Trauma
Obesity
Malignancy
Surgery
Cardiac disease
Hospitalization
Rest
Elderly
Past history
Fracture
Estrogen
Road tripa

 
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